Tuesday, January 22, 2008

Every one -- continued from Sunday post

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words 1 Strong's Number: 3956 Greek: pas
Every, Everyone (Man), Everything:

(1) with nouns without the article,

(a) "every one" of the class denoted by the noun connected with pas, e.g., Mat 3:10, "every tree;" Mar 9:49, "every sacrifice;" see also Jhn 2:10; Act 2:43; Rom 2:9; Eph 1:21; 3:15; 2Th 2:4; 2Ti 3:16, RV;

(b) "any and every, of every kind, all manner of," e.g., Mat 4:23; "especially with nouns denoting virtues or vices, emotions, condition, indicating every mode in which a quality manifests itself; or any object to which the idea conveyed by the noun belongs" (Grimm-Thayer). This is often translated "all," e.g., Act 27:20; Rom 15:14; 2Cr 10:6; Eph 4:19,31; Col 4:12, "all the will of God," i.e., everything God wills;

(2) without a noun, "every one, everything, every man" (i.e., person), e.g., Luk 16:16; or with a negative, "not everyone," e.g., Mar 9:49; with a participle and the article, equivalent to a relative clause, everyone who, e.g., 1Cr 9:25; Gal 3:10,13; 1Jo 2:29; 3:3,4,6,10,15, rendered "whosoever." So in the neuter, 1Jo 2:16; 5:4, often rendered "whatsoever;" governed by the preposition en, "in," without a noun following, it signifies "in every matter, or condition," Phl 4:6; 1Th 5:18; "in every way or particular," 2Cr 4:8, translated "on every side;" so 2Cr 7:5; "in everything," Eph 5:24; Phl 4:12, lit., "in everything and (perhaps "even") in all things."

2 Strong's Number: 537 Greek: hapas
Every, Everyone (Man), Everything:

a strengthened form of No. 1, signifies "all, the whole, altogether;" it is translated "every one" in Act 5:16, where it occurs in the plural. In Mar 8:25, the AV, "every man" translates the text with the masculine plural; the best mss. have the neuter plural, RV, "all things."
3 Strong's Number: 1538 Greek: hekastos
Every, Everyone (Man), Everything:

See EACH, NO. 1. It is used with heis, "one," in Act 2:6, "every man," and in Eph 4:16, "each several (part)," for AV, "every (part)." In Rev 22:2 the most authentic mss. omit the numeral in the phrase "every month." It is preceded by kath hena (kata, "according to," hena, "one"), a strengthened phrase, in Eph 5:33, AV, "everyone ... in particular," RV, "severally, each one." The same kind of phrase with ana, "each," before the numeral, is used in Rev 21:21, RV, "each one of the several (gates)," for AV, "every several (gate)."

(1) The preposition kata, "down," is sometimes found governing a noun, in the sense of "every," e.g., Luk 2:41, "every year;" Luk 16:19, "every day;" Heb. 9;25, "every year" (RV, "year by year"); so Hbr 10:3. This construction sometimes signifies "in every ...," e.g., Act 14:23, "in every church;" Act 15:21, "in every city;" so Act 20:23; Tts 1:5; Act 22:19, "in every synagogue" (plural); Act 8:3 "(into) every house." In Luk 8:1 the phrase means "throughout every city," as in the AV; in Luk 8:4 "of every city," RV. In Act 5:42 the RV renders kat' oikon "at home," for AV, "in every house;" in Act 2:46, for AV, "from house to house" (marg., "at home"). In Act 15:21 (last part) the adjective pas, "all," is placed between the preposition and the noun for the sake of emphasis. In Act 26:11, kata, followed by the plural of pas and the article before the noun, is rendered "in all the synagogues," RV, for AV, "in every synagogue." The presence of the article confirms the RV.

(2) In Mat 20:9,10, the preposition ana, "upward" (used distributively), governing the noun denarion, is translated "every man (a penny)." There is no word for "every man," and an appropriate rendering would be "a penny apiece;" cp. Luk 9:14, "fifty each," RV; Luk 10:1, "two and two;" Jhn 2:6, "two or three ... apiece;" Rev 4:8, "each ... six wings."

(3) The pronoun tis, "anyone," is rendered "any" in Act 2:45, RV, for the incorrect AV, "every." In Mar 15:24, the interrogative form is rendered "what each (should take)" (AV, "every man"), lit., "who (should take) what."

1 Strong's Number: 1538 Greek: hekastos
Each, Each Man, Each One:

"each" or "every," is used of any number separately, either
(a) as an adjective qualifying a noun, e.g., Luk 6:44; Jhn 19:23; Hbr 3:13, where "day by day," is, lit., "according to each day;" or, more emphatically with heis, "one," in Mat 26:22; Luk 4:40; 16:5; Act 2:3,6; 20:31; 1Cr 12:18; Eph 4:7,16, RV, "each (several)," for AV, "every;" Col 4:6; 1Th 2:11; 2Th 1:3;

(b) as a distributive pronoun, e.g., Act 4:35; Rom 2:6; Gal 6:4; in Phl 2:4, it is used in the plural; some mss. have it thus in Rev 6:11. The repetition in Hbr 8:11 is noticeable, "every man" (i.e., everyone). Prefixed by the preposition ana, "apiece" (a colloquialism), it is used, with stress on the individuality, in Rev 21:21, of the gates of the heavenly city, "each one of the several," RV; in Eph 5:33, preceded by kath' hena, "by one," it signifies "each (one) his own." The phrase hen kath' hen, lit., "one by one," is used in Rev 4:8, "each one of them."

I will tie all of this together in my post in a couple of days!!

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